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Energy transition initiatives may reduce material   Simple ABCD Model for Energy Transition:
            requirement and complexity (from 10,000 moving
            parts and BOM and supply chains to say 100-500    We visualise the entire energy transition process as a
            parts – more electrical and less mechanical) and be   simple ABCD cycle. Typically, this model depicts the
            cost-effective in the Automobile industry. Similar   plant operations in a simplified way. Raw materials
            drivers shall be identified in other sectors such as   (A of the ABCD Model) are processed using specific
            Power, Process, Steel, Infra, etc.                technologies or operations (B of the ABCD Model) to
                                                              make desired products (C of the ABCD Model), and the
            A specific focus is required on visibility/       value chain is completed after recycling (D the ABCD
            consideration of the carbon footprint across      Model) the product back to the process.
            the value chain, including the manufacturing/
            processing equipment and operations with a view   Some of the energy transition themes (given below)
            on Capex/Opex, i.e. Total Cost of ownership and   that can go through the ABCD Cycle need to be
            operations.                                       reviewed holistically, as explained earlier, to develop a
                                                              strong business case.
            While utilisation of waste or recycled material is
            a process, it needs to be integrated across value-  A: Look for alternate feedstocks to make the same
            chains to enhance recycling and improve carbon    product. Ensure that the alternate feedstock consumes
            footprint by optimising the waste footprint.      lesser energy during its manufacture/lifecycle. Prefer
                                                              ‘Green Feedstock’ with true GREEN footprint pre
            A robust modular and repeatable framework may     and post-production. Use research and innovation
            be adopted to assess each system/process shop/    to promote energy transitions by locating newer and
            plant - and this applies across all industries, but   affordable green synthesis pathways.
            in varied proportions and may involve different
            timelines and phases.                             It is essential to evaluate energy density maths of the

                                       A                                    D               Recycling

           Input A                                                                          of Waste

                                            ABCD CYCLE

           Process/                                                                         Final

           Operation                    B                                    C              Product/

           (B)                                                                              Output (C)

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